Product Name:Emulsion Kr2


Emulsion Kr2 is an innovative admixture for pressed concrete. When Emulsion Kr2 is incorporated into pressed concrete products, the permeability to water and the occurrence of unsightly efflorescence is virtually eliminated. The use of Emulsion Kr2 enhances the intrinsic quality of pressed concrete products by reducing the damage caused by weathering-related water uptake and efflorescence.

Recommended Uses:

Emulsion Kr2 is designed to be a water-repellent admixture during the manufacture of pressed concrete products including load-bearing blocks; decorative blocks; coloured blocks; and blocks for retaining walls and basements. It may also be added into concrete pavers or other pressed concrete masonry or similar procedures. However, it is not recommended to be used in aerated concrete masonry or wet-mix concrete product. Some of the features of Emulsion Kr2 pressed concrete include:

  • Reduces water absorption and efflorescence by over 80%.
  • Product remains permanently bonded to the substrate and cannot be washed out.
  • Does not leave an oily residue on the masonry substrate.
  • Easy to use in any existing processes.
  • The degree of water resistance can be varied by changing the rate of addition.
  • Water-based technology with no hazardous material emitted during use..

As masonry materials vary, it is always recommended that a test must be carried out prior to application to find out the suitability of this product for the purpose.

Use Instructions:

It is important that the applicator should perform trials before application.

1. Dosage
The rate of addition depends on the specific mix design and the level of water repellency required. The usual dosage rate is about 0.5 litre of Emulsion Kr2 per tonne (1000kg) of dry mix ingredients.

2. Addition

Emulsion Kr2 is designed to be added as part of the gauging water during the mixing process.

If a typical mix has 1000kg of dry ingredients, the procedure to incorporate 0.5 litre of Emulsion Kr2 into this 1000kg of dry mix would be as follows:

  •  Thoroughly mix all the concrete dry ingredients (1000kg) in a batch mixer.
  •  Stir or mix Emulsion Kr2 before use.
  •  Measure out 0.5 litre of Emulsion Kr2 and dilute it with 5 litres of clean water.
  •  Spray this diluted emulsion into the dry mix while blending.
  •  Blend the mix thoroughly while adding clean water to attain the desired consistency. The mix can now be processed as usual.

If your process is substantially different to that described above, please do not hesitate to contact the manufacturer or the sales agent for assistance.

Performance tests
1. Reduction in Water Absorption

The pressed concrete substrate used for testing contains 18% cement and 82% graded sand and aggregates with Emulsion Kr2 at a dosage rate of 0.5 lt/tonne. Commercial oleate and stearate water repellent admixtures were used as comparisons. The test substrates were initially covered with plastic for 24 hours in ambient conditions for obtaining initial strength followed by 28 days curing at ambient conditions before testing. Sponge capillary water absorption was conducted. The test results are shown in Figure 1. The performance of Emulsion Kr2 is far superior to that of the reference and is much better than those of the substrates with oleate and stearate.

2. Controlling Efflorescence

The efflorescence test is conducted by laying the above test substrates on a wet sponge placed in a solution containing 10% sodium sulphate. The top surface of the substrate was visually monitored for occurrence of efflorescence for 7 days. Table 1 indicates that efflorescence of the substrate treated with Emulsion Kr2 was found to be virtually eliminated during the test period.

WithEmulsion Kr2No efflorescenceNo efflorescenceVery limitedefflorescenceReference100% saturated with the salt solution–

Substrates After 1 day After 3 days After 7 days


Emulsion KR2


No efflorescence


No efflorescence


Very limited






100% saturated with the salt solution



Typical Data:

  • Appearance: Milky white liquid with slight odour
  • Solids content: 50% by weight
  • Specific Gravity: ca. 0.945 gm/ml
  • pH value: 7-8
  • Solubility in water: Miscible
  • VOC content: Nil
  • Flash point: >61oC

Important Note:

As conditions vary, it is recommended that a pilot trial should be carried out prior to using Emulsion Kr2 to determine the suitability of this product for the purpose.

Handling & Storage:

Emulsion Kr2 is a non-hazardous material. However, good industrial hygiene procedures should be followed when handling. The product should be stored in closed containers in a cool dry place away from any fire sources. The product has a shelf life of 12 months in a sealed container stored at a temperature below 25oC.


Emulsion Kr2 is available in 20 and 200 litre plastic drums or 1,000 litre plastic bulky bins. Other size containers may be available on request.

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